Farming is a wide-ranging topic. Recently, one of the most common questions asked by farmers is “Can pigs jump?” If you are interested in pig farming as well as methods to design your fence effectively, this article is for you. Having a basic understanding of fencing and pigs’ behavior helps you a lot in maintenance, protecting them safely, and maximizing your profits.
Can pigs jump?
Yes, they really can, even they are piglets or hogs weighing hundreds of pounds. A wild pig can jump over a fence less than 3 feet high.
More interestingly, it can even “climb” out of a 6-foot pig trap. In general, pigs are easily able to pile up in traps with 90-degree corners and climb over each other. The reason is that the corner looks like leverage which helps pigs go over the top.
Once pigs escape from their area, they will leave “unbelievable damage” to your beautiful garden, your surrounding scenes, or maybe your neighbor’s vegetables.
In order to stop this situation, when building pens and fences for pigs, you should always be mindful of all the information below.
Fencing for pigs
Fencing has been a widely-used measure to keep livestock from eating crops and prevent them from predators. Pigs are more adept than any farmed animals at evading fencing. Therefore, pig fencing must be sturdy, tall enough as well as made of very thick and rigid materials.
1. Options for fences
The size of the fence depends on the number and the age of pigs. Piglets should have fencing with smaller gaps compared to adult pigs. However, for adult pigs, they require much stronger fencing than piglets.
When researching fencing options, it is important to consider what types of fencing are suitable for pigs. In addition to the size of the pigs, take into account other factors such as the duration of access to the fence, their ability to dig, lift, jump, and push the fence.
It is essential to bury fencing below ground level to reduce the risks of your pigs escaping. Plus, electrification of the bottom and top of the fence can help prevent them from going under or over it.
Fencing is a long term goal. If the fence is designed properly, it can not only protect your pigs, the land, other animals but also your farm profits.
2. Types of fence
The most common types of pig fencing are page wire, solid wooden or metal fencing, high tensile wire, pipe panel, and electric fencing. For a barnyard enclosure, you should build a concrete floor and walls, a concrete floor with prefabricated welded metal fencing panels, or strongly constructed wooden fencing.
The combination of multiple kinds of fencing can contain or exclude pigs better. According to some studies, an extremely strong page wire fence combines with electric fencing is an adequate method to prevent wild boar from crossing.
Pigs can jump, so if you keep fully grown pigs outdoors, fences and gates should exceed 1.5m in high. Moreover, it is recommended to bury some of the fences below the ground or attach a mesh skirt to a depth of 60 cm. A 90° angle underground will considerably lessen the risk of successful rooting below ground level.
Remember to test electric fencing daily to make sure it is working appropriately. More importantly, make sure that plant material for piglets fencing is not touching the bottom electrified wire and reducing its charge.
Nevertheless, I do not recommend extensive use of barbed wire. The barbs can damage the pigs themselves, and in case of sows, it harms their udders.
Housing for pigs
For housing, creating a three-sided shelter for your pigs to protect them from sun, wind, and rain. They also need an environmentally controlled area with heat, cooling, and ample ventilation. Furthermore, provide high-carbon bedding, such as hay or straw for your pigs in order to soak up their urine, feces, and food remnants, and absorb the smell.
Feeding practices also have a huge impact on pigs’ health and development. Good access to feed produces even growth and condition leading to improve meat quality. And you should have to choose the best pig feeder to avoid many diseases!
Besides feed, water is one of the most significant contributors to the development of pigs. They drink a ton of water every day and enjoy wallowing in mud to cool off and discourage parasites infestation. Ensure to provide them with drinkable, freshwater and handily located.
Many diseases can affect adversely the health and performance of pigs. Hence, in addition to accommodation, feed, and water, each pig also requires adequate access to a clean environment and hygiene.
If you were wondering “Can pigs jump?” then you probably got the answer. Raising pigs is wonderfully enjoyable work. With a little bit of understanding about your animals’ natural behaviors in combination with fencing applications, you can manage them effectively.